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\tqc\tx4536\tqr\tx9072\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \fs20\lang1038\langfe1033\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1033 {\f1\fs28 21. t\'e9tel - Informatika \par }}{\*\pnseclvl1\pnucrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl2\pnucltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl3\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl4\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta )}} {\*\pnseclvl5\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl6\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl7\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl8 \pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl9\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}\pard\plain \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \fs20\lang1038\langfe1033\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1033 {\f1\fs28 \par }\pard \qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {\b\f40\fs28 Hogyan csoportos\'edthat\'f3k a keres\'f5programok? A h\'e1l\'f3zat haszn\'e1lata sor\'e1n milyen eszk\'f6zei vannak a hardveres \'e9s a szoftveres adatv\'e9delemnek? \par }{\b\f1\fs28 \par \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f40\lang1038\langfe1033\langfenp1033 \hich\af40\dbch\af0\loch\f40 I.\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-720\li1080\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1080\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1080\itap0 {\f40\fs24\ul Keres\'f5programok:}{\f1\fs24 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langfenp1033 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 a)\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx720\faauto\ls2\adjustright\rin0\lin720\itap0 {\f1\fs24 Ha valamilyen inform\'e1ci\'f3t keres\'fcnk a weben \'e9 s nem tudjuk a pontos web c\'edmet, akkor vessz\'fck ig\'e9nybe }{\f40\fs24 a keres\'f5programokat. A keres\'f5szerverek speci\'e1lis webhelyek, melyekhez a webez\'f5k k\'e9r\'e9seket int\'e9zhetnek. A szerver v\'e1laszk\'e9nt weblapok c\'ed meit adja ki. Hatalmas adatb\'e1zisuk miatt r\'f6vid id\'f5 alatt teljes\'edtik a k\'e9r\'e9seket. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f40\lang1038\langfe1033\langfenp1033 \hich\af40\dbch\af0\loch\f40 b)\tab}K\'e9tf\'e9le keres\'f5szerver t\'edpust ismer\'fcnk: index- illetve katal\'f3gus t\'edpus\'fat. Az index t\'edpus\'faval egy konkr\'e9t sz\'f3ra kereshet\'fc nk, pl.: Altavizsla, Heur\'e9ka. A katal\'f3gusszer\'fbvel t\'e9mak\'f6r szerint csoportokban kereshet\'fcnk, pl.: Yahoo.}{\f1\fs24\ul \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f40\lang1038\langfe1033\langfenp1033 \hich\af40\dbch\af0\loch\f40 c)\tab}}{\f40\fs24 A keres\'e9s folyamata: el\'f5sz\'f6r a keresend\'f5 sz\'f3t kell be\'edrni, majd az Ok gomb megnyom\'e1sa ut\'e1n kiadja a tal\'e1latokat. A kis \'e9s nagybet\'fb nem jelent k\'fcl\'f6nbs\'e9get. Ha a sz\'f3 el\'e9 \'f6sszead\'e1sjelet tesz\'fcnk, akkor az azt jelenti, hogy mindenk\'e9ppen benne kell lennie a keresett sz\'f3nak a dokumentumban. Ha kivon\'e1sjelet \'edrunk a keresett sz\'f3 el\'e9 , akkor az a sz\'f3 nem szerepelhet a dokumentumban. A *\'ffkarakter is haszn\'e1lhat\'f3, de el\'f5tte legal\'e1bb h\'e1rom karakternek \'e1llnia kell.}{\f1\fs24\ul \par }\pard \ql \li360\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0 {\f1\fs24 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langfenp1033 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 II.\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-720\li1080\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1080\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1080\itap0 {\f1\fs24\ul Hardveres v\'e9delem:}{\f1\fs24 \par }\pard \ql \li360\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0 {\f1\fs24 A LAN csatlakoz\'e1s egyik h\'e1tr\'e1nya, hogy m\'e1s felhaszn\'e1l\'f3k is hozz\'e1f\'e9rhetnek a helyi h\'e1l\'f3zaton t\'e1rolt file-okhoz, }{\f40\fs24 adatokhoz. Ez kik \'fcsz\'f6b\'f6lhet\'f5 a t\'fbzfal (firewall) ki\'e9p\'edt\'e9s\'e9vel. Ez egy sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9pb\'f5l \'e1ll}{\f1\fs24 , ami az Internethez csatlakozik \'e9s a h\'e1l\'f3zat forgalm\'e1nak rajta kereszt\'fcl kell haladnia. Ez megakad\'e1 lyozza, korl\'e1tozza a felhaszn\'e1l\'f3kat az adatok hozz\'e1f\'e9r\'e9s\'e9hez. De az Internet hozz\'e1f\'e9r\'e9st is lehet korl\'e1tozni vele. \par \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langfenp1033 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 III.\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-720\li1080\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1080\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1080\itap0 {\f1\fs24\ul Szoftveres v\'e9delem:}{\f1\fs24 \par }\pard \ql \li360\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0 {\f40\fs24 A rendszergazda felhaszn\'e1l\'f3i csoportokat hozhat l\'e9tre, a k\'fcl\'f6nb\'f6z\'f5 csoportoknak, k\'fcl\'f6nb\'f6z\'f5 jogokat adva. Hozz\'e1f\'e9r\'e9 si jogokat rendelhet\'fcnk file-okhoz, k\'f6nyvt\'e1rakhoz is. }{\f1\fs24 \par }}