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;}\listid959918070}}{\*\listoverridetable{\listoverride\listid959918070\listoverridecount0\ls1}}{\info {\title Mit \'e9rt\'fcnk sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9p-h\'e1l\'f3zat alatt}{\author viki}{\operator viki}{\creatim\yr2003\mo5\dy2\hr10\min11}{\revtim\yr2003\mo5\dy17\hr18\min56}{\version5}{\edmins78}{\nofpages1}{\nofwords0}{\nofchars0}{\*\company otthoni pc} {\nofcharsws0}{\vern8269}}\paperw11906\paperh16838\margl1417\margr1417\margt1417\margb1417 \deftab708\widowctrl\ftnbj\aenddoc\hyphhotz425\noxlattoyen\expshrtn\noultrlspc\dntblnsbdb\nospaceforul\hyphcaps0\formshade\horzdoc\dghspace120\dgvspace120 \dghorigin1701\dgvorigin1984\dghshow0\dgvshow3\jcompress\viewkind1\viewscale100\pgbrdrhead\pgbrdrfoot\nolnhtadjtbl \fet0\sectd \linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx709\endnhere\sectdefaultcl {\header \pard\plain \s15\qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar \tqc\tx4536\tqr\tx9072\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \fs20\lang1038\langfe1033\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1033 {\f1\fs28 19. t\'e9tel - Informatika \par }}{\*\pnseclvl1\pnucrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl2\pnucltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl3\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl4\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta )}} {\*\pnseclvl5\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl6\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl7\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl8 \pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl9\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}\pard\plain \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \fs20\lang1038\langfe1033\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1033 {\f1\fs28 \par }\pard \qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {\b\f1\fs28 Mit \'e9rt\'fcnk sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9p-h\'e1l\'f3zat alatt? Hogyan csoportos\'edthatjuk a h\'e1l\'f3zatokat? Mi az a h\'e1l\'f3zati topol\'f3gia? \par \par \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 I.\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-720\li1080\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1080\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1080\itap0 {\f1\fs24\ul Sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9p-h\'e1l\'f3zat:}{\f1\fs24 \par }\pard \ql \li360\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0 {\f36\fs24 a) Kezdetben a nagy teljes\'edtm\'e9ny\'fb g\'e9pek er\'f5forr\'e1sainak jobb kihaszn\'e1l\'e1sa \'e9rdek\'e9ben teremtettek kapcsolatot a sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9pek k\'f6z\'f6 tt. A sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9p-h\'e1l\'f3zat m\'fbk\'f6d\'e9s\'e9t egy k\'f6zponti szerepet bet\'f6lt\'f5 sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9p ir\'e1ny\'edtja (=szerver). Azokat a sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9peket, amelyeken kereszt\'fcl egy h\'e1l\'f3zatba kapcsol\'f3 dva dolgozhatunk munka\'e1llom\'e1snak nevezz\'fck. \par b) F\'f5bb alkot\'f3elemei: sz\'e1m\'edt\'f3g\'e9pek \'e9s a hozz\'e1juk kapcsol\'f3d\'f3 hardver eszk\'f6z\'f6k (modem), \'e1tviv\'f5 k\'f6zeg (telefonvonal), szoftverek, protokoll (h\'e1l\'f3zati hozz\'e1f\'e9r\'e9si elj\'e1r\'e1s). \par }{\f1\fs24 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 II.\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-720\li1080\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1080\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1080\itap0 {\f1\fs24\ul H\'e1l\'f3zatok csoportos\'edt\'e1sa:}{\f1\fs24 \par }\pard \ql \li360\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0 {\f1\fs24 A t\'e1vols\'e1g alapj\'e1n h\'e1rom h\'e1l\'f3zatot k\'fcl\'f6nb\'f6ztet\'fcnk meg: \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 a)\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li1440\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1440\faauto\ls1\ilvl1\adjustright\rin0\lin1440\itap0 {\f1\fs24 Helyi h\'e1l\'f3 zat (LAN=Local Area Network), pl.: egy iskolai h\'e1l\'f3zat \par }\pard \ql \li1416\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin1416\itap0 {\f36\fs24 F\'f5 szervez\'e9si t\'edpusok: \par }\pard \ql \fi12\li2124\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin2124\itap0 {\f36\fs24 Dedik\'e1lt szerveres h\'e1l\'f3zat: a szerver g\'e9pen csak a f\'f5bb programok vannak. \par }{\f1\fs24 Nem dedik\'e1lt szerveres h\'e1l\'f3zat: nincs kijel\'f6lt szerver. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 b)\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li1440\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1440\faauto\ls1\ilvl1\adjustright\rin0\lin1440\itap0 {\f1\fs24 V\'e1rosi h\'e1l\'f3 zat (MAN=Metropolitan Area Network), pl.: egy v\'e1roson bel\'fcli h\'e1l\'f3zat \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 c)\tab}T\'e1vols\'e1gi h\'e1l\'f3zat (WAN=Wide Area Network), pl.: Internet \par }\pard \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {\f1\fs24 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 III.\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-720\li1080\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1080\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1080\itap0 {\f1\fs24\ul H\'e1l\'f3zattopol\'f3gi\'e1k:}{\f1\fs24 \par }\pard \ql \li360\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0 {\f1\fs24 A h\'e1l\'f3zat topol\'f3gia a h\'e1l\'f3zatba k\'f6t\'f6tt g\'e9pek elrendez\'e9s\'e9t jelenti. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li2340\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx2340\faauto\ls1\ilvl2\adjustright\rin0\lin2340\itap0 {\f1\fs24 S\'ednh\'e1l\'f3zat: az \'e1llom\'e1sok egyetlen k\'f6 z\'f6s csatorn\'e1n kommunik\'e1lnak. A k\'e1belhiba az eg\'e9sz rendszerre kihat. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}Fa-h\'e1l\'f3zat: egy munk}{\f36\fs24 a\'e1llom\'e1s kies\'e9s\'e9vel a n\'e1la alacsonyabb szinten l\'e9v\'f5 munka\'e1llom\'e1sok is kiesnek a rendszerb\'f5l. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}{\f1\fs24 Csillag-h\'e1l\'f3zat: egy k\'f6zponti g\'e9phez kapcsol\'f3dik a t\'f6bbi munka\'e1llom\'e1s. Egy k\'e1belhiba csak egy g\'e9pet v\'e1laszt le a h\'e1l\'f3 zatr\'f3l. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}{\f36\fs24 Gy\'fbr\'fb-h\'e1l\'f3zat: a munka\'e1llom\'e1sok gy\'fbr\'fbszer\'fben vannak egym\'e1s ut\'e1n f\'fbzve. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}{\f1\fs24 H\'e1l\'f3s szerkezet: t\'f6bbnyire egyenrang\'fa g\'e9pek vannak \'f6sszekapcsolva, pl.: Internet. \par }\pard \ql \li357\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin357\itap0 {\f1\fs24 A h\'e1l\'f3zatban a jelek \'e1tviteli ir\'e1nya h\'e1romf\'e9le lehet: \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li2340\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx2340\faauto\ls1\ilvl2\adjustright\rin0\lin2340\itap0 {\f36\fs24 egyir\'e1ny\'fa: az egyik \'e1llom\'e1s csak ad\'f3 , a m\'e1sik csak vev\'f5 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}{\f1\fs24 v\'e1ltakoz\'f3 ir\'e1ny\'fa: mindk\'e9t ir\'e1nyban \'e1ramolhatnak adatok, de egym\'e1st\'f3l elv\'e1lasztva \par {\listtext\pard\plain\lang1038\langfe1033\langnp1038 \hich\af0\dbch\af0\loch\f0 -\tab}}{\f36\fs24 k\'e9tir\'e1ny\'fa: mindk\'e9t \'e1llom\'e1s egyid\'f5ben lehet ad\'f3 \'e9s vev\'f5 is.}{\f1\fs24 \par }\pard \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {\f1\fs24 \par }}