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Megv\'e1ltoztatta a gazdas\'e1got, a t \'e1rsadalmat \'e9s a politikai helyzetet. 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Anglia a vil\'e1g vezet\'f5 hatalma \'e9s az els\'f5sz\'e1m\'fa gyarmattart\'f3 ja: nyersanyagforr\'e1s, olcs\'f3 munkaer\'f5 \'e9s piac. \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4416907 {\insrsid4416907 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\b\f1\insrsid4416907\charrsid9401630 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 4.)\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-705\li1065\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1065\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1065\itap0\pararsid4416907 { \b\insrsid4416907\charrsid9401630 Legfontosabb tal\'e1lm\'e1nyok}{\insrsid4416907 : \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li1776\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1776\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls2\adjustright\rin0\lin1776\itap0\pararsid4416907 {\insrsid4416907 A textiliparral kapcsolatosak, mert ezekhez csak kis befektet\'e9s kellett, mivel t\'f6meg\'e1rut k\'e9sz\'edtettek \'e9s nagy hasznot h\'faztak bel\'f5le. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}Rep\'fcl\'f5-vet\'e9l\'f5: sz\'f6v\'e9ssel kapcsolatos eszk\'f6z. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}Hargreaves: fon\'f3g\'e9p. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}V\'edzzel meghajtott fon\'f3g\'e9p. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}1769. James Watt: g\'f5zg\'e9p \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}Gyapottiszt\'edt\'f3 g\'e9p. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}Esztergapad. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}1807. Fulton: g\'f5zhaj\'f3. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}Stephenson: g\'f5zmozdony \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid4416907 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}Morse: t\'e1v\'edr\'f3. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid22989 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li1776\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1776\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls2\adjustright\rin0\lin1776\itap0\pararsid22989 {\insrsid22989 A XIX. sz\'e1zad v\'e9g\'e9t\'f5 l jelent\'f5s a fegyvergy\'e1rt\'e1s, amelyet a legmodernebb technik\'e1val \'e1ll\'edtanak el\'f5. \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid22989 {\insrsid22989 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\b\f1\insrsid22989\charrsid9401630 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 5.)\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-705\li1065\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1065\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin1065\itap0\pararsid22989 {\b\insrsid22989\charrsid9401630 K \'f6vetkezm\'e9nyek}{\insrsid22989 : \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid22989 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li1440\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1440\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\ilvl1\adjustright\rin0\lin1440\itap0\pararsid22989 {\insrsid22989 Hatalmas }{ \ul\insrsid22989\charrsid9401630 ipari k\'f6zpontok}{\insrsid22989 : }{\insrsid11235465 l\'e9trej\'f6tt az angliai fekete h\'e1romsz\'f6g Birmingham, Liverpool \'e9s Manchester k\'f6z\'f6tt. De ipari k\'f6zpont m\'e9g P\'e1rizs, Elz\'e1sz, a Rajna-vid\'e9 k, Csehorsz\'e1g, Szentp\'e9terv\'e1r \'e9s Moszkva is.}{\insrsid22989 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}{\ul\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 Demogr\'e1fiai n\'f6veked\'e9s}{\insrsid11235465 : gyorsan n\'f5 a n\'e9pess\'e9g, melynek h\'e1tter\'e9ben a mez\'f5 gazdas\'e1gi termel\'e9s megn\'f6veked\'e9se, a higi\'e9nia \'e9s a j\'e1rv\'e1nyok megf\'e9kez\'e9se (gy\'f3gyszerek megjelen\'e9se) \'e1llt. Vid\'e9kr\'f5l az emberek a v\'e1rosokba j\'f6ttek (= belf\'f6ldi migr\'e1ci\'f3) \'e9s Eur\'f3p\'e1b\'f3l \'c9 szak-Amerik\'e1ba v\'e1ndoroltak. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}{\ul\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 Mez\'f5gazdas\'e1g}{\insrsid11235465 : g\'e9pes\'edt\'e9s, g\'f5zg\'e9p megjelen\'e9se. \'c1ltal\'e1noss\'e1 v\'e1 lik a vet\'e9s-forg\'f3 haszn\'e1lata, a tr\'e1gy\'e1z\'e1s, a fajtanemes\'edt\'e9s \'e9s az ipari-, ill. takarm\'e1nyn\'f6v\'e9nyek elterjed\'e9se is. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li1440\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx1440\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\ilvl1\adjustright\rin0\lin1440\itap0\pararsid11235465 { \ul\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 G\'e9pes\'edtik}{\insrsid11235465 a munkafolyamatokat, ami a munkan\'e9lk\'fclis\'e9ghez vezet. Ez\'e9rt g\'e9prombol\'e1sokat figyelhett\'fcnk meg, pl. King Ludd. Sztr\'e1 jkokat is folytattak: 1834-ben Lyonban a selyemsz\'f6v\'f5k sztr\'e1jkoltak \'e9s 1844-ben Szil\'e9zi\'e1ban a tak\'e1csok l\'e9ptek fel ez ellen. Nem mindig vett\'e9k \'f5ket komolyan, vagyis a siker\'fck nem volt garant\'e1lt. A n\'f5i \'e9 s a gyermekmunk\'e1sok is megjelentek. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}{\ul\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 T\'e1rsadalmi k\'f6vetkezm\'e9ny}{\insrsid11235465 : a t\'e1rsadalom h\'e1rom csoportb\'f3l \'e1llt: \par }\pard \qj \li2124\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin2124\itap0\pararsid11235465 {\insrsid11235465 A., }{\i\insrsid11235465\charrsid9401630 Burzso\'e1zia}{\insrsid11235465 : \'f5k \'e1lltak a t\'e1rsadalom \'e9l\'e9n, \'f5 k a nagypolg\'e1rok. Gy\'e1rtulajdonosok, banktulajdonosok, nagykeresked\'f5k \'e9s r\'e9szv\'e9nytulajdonosok. Kiszor\'edtott\'e1k a nagybirtokos arisztokr\'e1ci\'e1t. \par }{\insrsid13318331 B., }{\i\insrsid13318331\charrsid9401630 K\'f6z\'e9poszt\'e1ly}{\insrsid13318331 : meg\'e9lhet\'e9s\'fcket a fizet\'e9s\'fck adta, az elit nagyobb fizet\'e9st kapott (orvosok, jog\'e1szok, m\'e9rn\'f6k\'f6k, k\'f6z\'e9pmanagerek, a k \'f6zigazgat\'e1s vezet\'f5i, egyetemi tan\'e1rok, kis-, \'e9s k\'f6z\'e9p\'fczemek tulajdonosai).}{\insrsid11235465 \par }{\insrsid13318331 C., }{\i\insrsid13318331\charrsid9401630 Munk\'e1ss\'e1g}{\insrsid13318331 : egyre nagyobb t\'f6meget tettek ki, a v\'e1rosokban \'e9ltek.}{\insrsid5725952 Sz\'ednes csoport: feh\'e9r gall\'e9ros munk\'e1s (=szakmunk\'e1 s, tanult); betan\'edtott (=napsz\'e1mos). Elindultak a szakszervezetek, melyeknek c\'e9ljuk a munk\'e1ss\'e1g helyzet\'e9n val\'f3 jav\'edt\'e1s volt.}{\insrsid13318331 \par }\pard \qc \fi348\li708\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin708\itap0\pararsid9401630 {\b\fs28\insrsid14710537 \page Forr\'e1sok}{\insrsid14710537\charrsid10421338 \par }\pard \qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\b\fs28\insrsid14710537 \par }\pard \qj \fi708\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 Ebb\'f5l a b\'fbzb\'f5l az emberi munka legnagyobb folyama \'e1rad sz\'e9t, amely megterm\'e9keny\'edti az eg\'e9 sz vil\'e1got. Ebben a szennycsatorn\'e1ban sz\'edntiszta arany folyik. Ez a hely, ahol az emberis\'e9g a legmagasabbra h\'e1gott, \'e9s ahol a legm\'e9lyebb embertelens\'e9gbe s\'fcllyedt, ahol a civiliz\'e1ci\'f3 csod\'e1kat tesz, \'e9s ahol a civiliz \'e1lt ember vademberr\'e9 v\'e1lik. \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw30\brsp20 \aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\fs20\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 (Tocquuevill francia politikus, az ipari forradalom sz\'fcl\'f6tt\'e9r\'f5l, Manchesterr \'f5l) \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 \par }\pard \qj \fi708\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 Nem \'f6t \'e9s t\'edz sz\'e1zal\'e9kok, hanem sz\'e1z \'e9s ezer sz\'e1zal\'e9kok teremtett\'e9k meg Lancas hire gazdags\'e1g\'e1t. 1789-ben Robert Owen (a h\'edres ut\'f3pista) a volt textilkereskekd\'f5 seg\'e9d k\'f6lcs\'f6n kapott 100 fonttal kezdhette meg p\'e1lyafut\'e1s\'e1t Manchesterben. 1809-ben 84 000 font k\'e9szp\'e9nzzel fizette ki \'fczlett\'e1 rsait a New Lanark-i textilgy\'e1rakban. \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw30\brsp20 \aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\fs20\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 (Hobsbawm: A forradalmak kora) \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 \par }\pard \qj \fi708\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 Pokoli g\'e9peidet \'f6sszez\'faztuk a falu hat\'e1r\'e1ban, embereid megk\'f6t\'f6zve fekszenek az \'fatsz\'e9li \'e1rokban. \'cdgy figyelmeztetnek az \'e9hez\'f5k, akiket tett\'fck v\'e9grehajt\'e1sa ut\'e1n \'e9hez\'f5 feles\'e9g\'fck \'e9s gyerek\'fck v\'e1r otthon. Ha \'faj g\'e9peket veszel, vagy ha \'fagy folytatod, ahogy eddig, megint hallasz r\'f3lunk. Vigy \'e1zz! Ludd t\'e1bornok \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw30\brsp20 \aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\fs20\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 (A g\'e9prombol\'f3k levele egy gy\'e1rosnak. Ludd t\'e1bornok mondai figura, a g\'e9 prombol\'f3k vez\'e9re) \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 \par \'c9jjel, ha nem rezd\'fcl a lomb, \par S a holdat elrejti a domb, \par A kis csapat el\'f5re ront, \par Fegyver puska, b\'e1rd! \par \'d3, j\'f3 tak\'e1cs fiam, \par Der\'e9k, b\'e1tor fiam, \par Csap\'e1sod alatt \par A g\'e9p hasad \par J\'f3 tak\'e1cs fiam. \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw30\brsp20 \aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\fs20\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 (G\'e9prombol\'f3k dala, 1812-b\'f5l) \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 \par }\pard \qj \fi708\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 Soha t\'e1rsadalom nem volt jobban tel\'edtve \'f6sszevisszas\'e1ggal. A termel\'f5k k\'fczdenek egym\'e1 s ellen a piac megh\'f3d\'edt\'e1s\'e1\'e9rt, a munk\'e1sok egym\'e1s ellen az alkalmaztat\'e1s megszerz\'e9s\'e9\'e9rt, a gy\'e1ros a munk\'e1s ellen a b\'e9r r\'f6gz\'edt\'e9s\'e9\'e9rt, k\'fczd a szeg\'e9ny a g\'e9p ellen, amely arra van sz\'e1 nva, hogy \'f5t helyettes\'edtse, \'e9s ezzel \'e9hen halassza. A nagyt\'f5k\'e9k gy\'f5ztek az ipari h\'e1bor\'fakban. A nagybani kereskedelem t\'f6nkre tette a kiskereskedelmet. A mesterembereket, akik a maguk gazd\'e1i, \'e1tadt\'e1k a hely\'fc ket a munk\'e1soknak, akik nem a maguk gazd\'e1i. \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw30\brsp20 \aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\fs20\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 (Louis Blanc: T\'edz \'e9v t\'f6rt\'e9nete c\'edm\'fb m\'fbv\'e9b\'f5l) \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 \par }\pard \qj \fi708\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\insrsid9401630 \par }{\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 A gyermeket 9 \'e9ves kor\'e1ban gy\'e1rba k\'fcldik, ahol 13 \'e9ves kor\'e1ig napi 6,5 \'f3r\'e1t dolgozik. (Kor\'e1bban az ilyen id\'f5s gyermekek 8, m\'e9g kor\'e1bban 12-14, s\'f5t 16 \'f3r\'e1t dolgoztak), 13 kor \'e1t\'f3l 18 \'e9ves kor\'e1ig pedig napi munkaideje 12 \'f3ra. \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw30\brsp20 \aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14710537 {\fs20\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 (Engels: A munk\'e1soszt\'e1ly helyzete Angli\'e1ban) \par }\pard \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid7101260 {\insrsid14710537\charrsid14710537 \par }}