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\deftab708\widowctrl\ftnbj\aenddoc\hyphhotz425\noxlattoyen\expshrtn\noultrlspc\dntblnsbdb\nospaceforul\hyphcaps0\formshade\horzdoc\dgmargin\dghspace180\dgvspace180\dghorigin1417\dgvorigin1417\dghshow1\dgvshow1 \jexpand\viewkind1\viewscale100\pgbrdrhead\pgbrdrfoot\splytwnine\ftnlytwnine\htmautsp\nolnhtadjtbl\useltbaln\alntblind\lytcalctblwd\lyttblrtgr\lnbrkrule \fet0\sectd \linex0\headery708\footery708\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl {\header \pard\plain \s15\qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\tqc\tx4536\tqr\tx9072\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {14. t\'e9tel \par }}{\*\pnseclvl1\pnucrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl2\pnucltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl3\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl4\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta )}} {\*\pnseclvl5\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl6\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl7\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl8 \pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl9\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}\pard\plain \qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {\b\fs28 \par }\pard\plain \s1\qc \li0\ri0\keepn\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel0\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \b\f1\fs28\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {A magyar helyes\'edr\'e1s alapelveinek alkalmaz\'e1sa \'e9s magyar\'e1zata \par }\pard\plain \qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {\b\fs28 \par \par }\pard\plain \s17\qj \fi708\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {A magyar helyes\'edr\'e1s bet\'fb\'edr\'f3, latin bet\'fbs, hangjel\'f6l\'f5 \'e9s \'e9rtelemt\'fc kr\'f6z\'f5 \'edr\'e1srendszer. Legkisebb egys\'e9ge a hangokat jel\'f6l\'f5 bet\'fbk. Bet\'fbi legt\'f6bbsz\'f6r a kiejtett hangokra utalnak. Helyes\'edr\'e1sunk sokat t\'fckr\'f6z a magyar nyelv rendszer\'e9b\'f5l. \par }\pard\plain \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {Helyes\'edr\'e1si alapelv: azok az elj\'e1r\'e1sok, amelyek szerint szavainkat \'e9s sz\'f3alakjainkat le \'edrjuk. N\'e9gy alapelvet ismer\'fcnk: kiejt\'e9s, sz\'f3elemz\'e9s, hagyom\'e1ny, egyszer\'fbs\'edt\'e9s. Ezek sokszor egy\'fctt hatnak. A helyes\'edr\'e1s ir\'e1nti ig\'e9ny egyid\'f5s az \'edr\'e1ssal. Az els\'f5 egys\'e9gre val\'f3 t\'f6rekv\'e9 s a kancell\'e1riai helyes\'edr\'e1s. A k\'f6z\'e9pkorban katolikus \'e9s protest\'e1ns helyes\'edr\'e1sr\'f3l besz\'e9lhet\'fcnk. 1832-ben az Akad\'e9mia kiadta az els\'f5 magyar helyes\'edr\'e1si szab\'e1lyzatot. \par }\pard \qj \li705\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin705\itap0 {A., }{\ul A kiejt\'e9s szerint \'edr\'e1s elve}{: a kiejtett sz\'f3 hangjait a nekik megfelel\'f5 bet\'fbkkel jel\'f6lj\'fck, a k\'f6znyelvi form\'e1t v\'e9 ve alapul. A kiejt\'e9s elve n\'e9gy pontban foghat\'f3 \'f6ssze: \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 1.)\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-720\li2130\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx2130\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin2130\itap0 {A m\'e1ssalhangz\'f3k id\'f5tartalm\'e1nak jel\'f6l\'e9se: pl.: -ikes ig\'e9 k (z\'f6ldellik, dr\'e1g\'e1ll); -ty\'fa/-ty\'fb + -tty\'fa/-tty\'fb (csengetty\'fb, dugatty\'fa). \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 2.)\tab}A mag\'e1nhangz\'f3k min\'f5s\'e9gi \'e9s mennyis\'e9gi szab\'e1lyai: pl.: -b\'f3l, -b\'f5l-, -r\'f3l, -r\'f5l, -t\'f3l, -t\'f5l }{{\field{\*\fldinst SYMBOL 224 \\f "Wingdings" \\s 12}{\fldrslt \f14\fs24}}}{ ezek k\'e9talak\'faak, az alapsz\'f3 hangrendje hat\'e1rozza meg, hogy melyiket alkalmazzuk, pl.: kertb\'f5l, h\'e1zb\'f3l. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 3.)\tab}K\'e9talak\'fa elemek: kett\'f5s alakok. Ha valamely sz\'f3nak k\'e9t k\'f6znyelvi v\'e1ltozata van, az \'edr\'e1sban is k\'e9t alakot jelent, pl.: fel-f\'f6l, korcsma-kocsma. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 4.)\tab}Sz\'f3elemek elhom\'e1lyosul\'e1sa: ezekben a szavakban annyira elhom\'e1lyosultak az \'f5ket alkot\'f3 sz\'f3elemek, hogy csak a nyelvt\'f6rt\'e9netet ismer\'f5k tudj\'e1k azokat sz\'e9tv\'e1 lasztani, pl.: \'e9jszaka lagzi. \par }\pard \qj \li708\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin708\itap0 {B., }{\ul Sz\'f3elemz\'f5 \'edr\'e1sm\'f3d}{: a t\'f6bb sz\'f3elemb\'f5l \'e1ll\'f3 sz\'f3alakok helyes\'edr\'e1s\'e1t ez az elv \'fagy szab\'e1lyozza, hogy a toldal\'e9 kos szavakon a toldal\'e9kok, az \'f6sszetett szavakban pedig az \'f6sszet\'e9tel tagjai vil\'e1gosan felismerhet\'f5k legyenek. A sz\'f3elemeket \'fagy \'edrjuk le, ahogy k\'fcl\'f6n-k\'fcl\'f6n hangzanak, pl.: sz\'e9npor, vasgy\'e1r. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 1.)\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-720\li2133\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx2133\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls2\adjustright\rin0\lin2133\itap0 {A sz\'f3elemeket t\'fckr\'f6ztet\'f5 \'edr\'e1sm\'f3d: a hangok tal\'e1lkoz\'e1 sakor l\'e9trej\'f6v\'f5 hangtani t\'f6rv\'e9nyszer\'fbs\'e9gek. R\'e9szleges hasonul\'e1s, pl.: j\'e9gkr\'e9m; teljes hasonul\'e1s, pl.: anyja; \'f6sszeolvad\'e1s, pl.: \'fatja; r\'f6vid\'fcl\'e9s, pl.: keddre. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 2.)\tab}Sz\'f3elemek fonetikus \'edr\'e1sa: a toldal\'e9kolt form\'e1ban m\'f3dosul a sz\'f3t\'f5 \'e9s ezt \'edr\'e1sban is jel\'f6lj\'fck, pl.: mossa. \par }\pard \qj \li708\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin708\itap0 {C., }{\ul Egyszer\'fbs\'edt\'e9s elve}{: megk\'f6nny\'edti a hangtorl\'f3d\'e1sokb\'f3l ad\'f3d\'f3 helyzetek megold\'e1s\'e1t. Ha k\'e9ttag\'fa m\'e1ssalhangz\'f3ra v \'e9gz\'f5d\'f5 szavak v\'e9ghangj\'e1t megkett\'f5zz\'fck, a kett\'f5s m\'e1ssalhangz\'f3nak csak az els\'f5 tagj\'e1t \'edrjuk hosszan, pl.: mennyi. Kiv\'e9telek az olyan \'f6sszetett szavak, melyekben az els\'f5 tag v\'e9g\'e9n \'e9s a m\'e1 sodik tag elej\'e9n azonos k\'e9ttag\'fa m\'e1ssalhangz\'f3 \'e1ll, pl.: nagygy\'fbl\'e9s. Ha az alapsz\'f3 hossz\'fa m\'e1ssalhangz\'f3ra v\'e9gz\'f5dik \'e9s a toldal\'e9k is ugyanazzal a m\'e1ssalhangz\'f3val kezd\'f5dik, k\'e9t egyforma bet\'fbt \'ed runk egym\'e1st ut\'e1n, pl.: hosszal. \par D., }{\ul Hagyom\'e1ny elve}{: lehet\'f5v\'e9 teszi, hogy a r\'e9gies csal\'e1dnevekben meg\'f5rizhess\'fck az eredeti \'edr\'e1sk\'e9pet, amely \'e1ltal\'e1ban nem egyezik a kiejt\'e9si form\'e1val, pl.: Horv\'e1th, Batthy\'e1ny. Az ly eset\'e9 ben megmaradt a hagyom\'e1nyos forma. \par }}