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{\creatim\yr2006\mo2\dy18\hr14\min8}{\revtim\yr2006\mo2\dy18\hr14\min8}{\version2}{\edmins1}{\nofpages1}{\nofwords0}{\nofchars0}{\nofcharsws0}{\vern8249}}\paperw11906\paperh16838\margl1417\margr1417\margt1417\margb1417 \deftab708\widowctrl\ftnbj\aenddoc\hyphhotz425\noxlattoyen\expshrtn\noultrlspc\dntblnsbdb\nospaceforul\hyphcaps0\formshade\horzdoc\dgmargin\dghspace180\dgvspace180\dghorigin1417\dgvorigin1417\dghshow1\dgvshow1 \jexpand\viewkind1\viewscale100\pgbrdrhead\pgbrdrfoot\splytwnine\ftnlytwnine\htmautsp\nolnhtadjtbl\useltbaln\alntblind\lytcalctblwd\lyttblrtgr\lnbrkrule \fet0\sectd \linex0\headery708\footery708\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl {\header \pard\plain \s15\qc \li0\ri0\widctlpar\tqc\tx4536\tqr\tx9072\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {7. t\'e9tel \par }}{\*\pnseclvl1\pnucrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl2\pnucltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxta 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\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {\b\fs28 \par \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {Nyelv\'faj\'edt\'e1s: els\'f5sorban avatott nyelvm\'fbvel\'f5k (\'edr\'f3k, k\'f6lt\'f5k, nyelv\'e9szek) tudatos beavatkoz\'e1sa az adott nyelv \'e9let\'e9be, az aktu\'e1 lis mondanival\'f3 kifejezhet\'f5s\'e9ge \'e9s jobb, hajl\'e9konyabb megform\'e1lhat\'f3s\'e1ga \'e9rdek\'e9ben. A magyar nyelv\'faj\'edt\'e1s kb. 100 \'e9vig Bessenyei fell\'e9p\'e9s\'e9t\'f5l (1770) a Magyar Nyelv\'f5r megjelen\'e9s\'e9 ig (1872) tartott. Az \'faj\'edt\'e1sok c\'e9lja a magyar sz\'f3kincs b\'f5v\'edt\'e9se, az idegen szavak magyarral t\'f6rt\'e9n\'f5 helyettes\'edt\'e9se, a st\'edlus\'faj\'edt\'e1s volt. \par El\'f5sz\'f6r 1790-ben terjesztett\'e9k el\'f5 a magyar nyelv \'e1llamnyelvv\'e9 t\'e9tel\'e9t, de csak az 1844-es t\'f6rv\'e9ny \'e1ltal v\'e1lt azz\'e1. A nyelvfejleszt\'e9s \'fcgy\'e9t s\'fcrgett\'e9k Bessenyei Gy\'f6rgy\'f6n k\'edv\'fcl sz\'e9p\'edr \'f3k (Kazinczy Ferenc, K\'f6lcsey Ferenc) \'e9s szak\'edr\'f3k (R\'e9vai Mikl\'f3s, Fazekas Mih\'e1ly) is. \par Az \'faj szavak gy\'e1rt\'e1sa sok tekintetben az idegen szavak magyaros\'edt\'e1s\'e1\'e9rt folyt. Az \'faj\'edt\'e1s k\'e9pvisel\'f5i a neol\'f3gusok voltak. Megjelentek a \'84szertelen sz\'f3farag\'f3k\'94 elleni b\'edr\'e1 latok is. Ezt a vonalat az ortol\'f3gusok k\'e9pviselt\'e9k \'e9s k\'f6zreadt\'e1k a Debreceni Grammatik\'e1t (1795). \par Ek\'f6zben m\'e1r Kazinczy Ferenc v\'e1lt a neol\'f3gusok vez\'e9r\'e9v\'e9 \'e9s Sz\'e9phalmot megtette a nyelv\'faj\'edt\'e1s k\'f6zpontj\'e1nak. Kazinczy meg\'edrta a T\'f6visek \'e9s vir\'e1gok c. epigramma-gy\'fbjtem\'e9ny\'e9t, amely az ortol\'f3 gia ellen sz\'f3lt. Erre kapta v\'e1laszul a Mondolat c. g\'fanyiratot 1813-ban, amelyre Szemere P\'e1l \'e9s K\'f6lcsey Ferenc reag\'e1lt a Felelet a Mondolatra c. m\'fbben. 1819-ben Kazinczy k\'f6zz\'e9teszi a nyelv\'faj\'edt\'e1si harcot lez\'e1r\'f3 \'edr\'e1s\'e1t, az Ortol\'f3gusok \'e9s neol\'f3gusok n\'e1lunk \'e9s m\'e1s nemzetekn\'e9l c\'edmmel. \par A nyelv\'faj\'edt\'e1s sor\'e1n a magyar sz\'f3k\'e9szletet az al\'e1bbi elj\'e1r\'e1sokkal b\'f5v\'edtett\'e9k: \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx720\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin720\itap0 {nyelvj\'e1r\'e1si szavakat tettek k\'f6znyelviv\'e9, pl.: bety\'e1r, burgonya \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}r\'e9gi szavakat eleven\'edtettek fel, pl.: aggasty\'e1n, fegyelem \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}idegen szavakat alak\'edtottak \'e1t, pl.: Leipzig = Lipcse \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {\'daj szavakat alkottak: \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx720\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls2\adjustright\rin0\lin720\itap0 {sz\'f3k\'e9pz\'e9ssel: ige-, \'e9s n\'e9vsz\'f3k\'e9pz\'f5kkel, pl.: t\'f6rt\'e9 nelem, tenger\'e9sz \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}sz\'f3elvon\'e1ssal: pl.: kap\'e1lb\'f3l kapa, vizsg\'fblb\'f3l vizsga \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}sz\'f3csonk\'edt\'e1ssal: pl.: c\'edmerb\'f5l c\'edm, gy\'e1rtb\'f3l gy\'e1r \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}sz\'f3\'f6sszet\'e9tellel: pl.: foly\'f3irat, szem\'fcveg \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}sz\'f3csonk\'edt\'e1sos \'f6sszet\'e9tellel: pl.: h\'edg+anyag=higany \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {A normat\'edv irodalmi nyelv megszil\'e1rdul\'e1s\'e1ban fontos szerepe volt A magyar helyes\'edr\'e1s \'e9s sz\'f3ragaszt\'e1s f\'f5bb szab\'e1 lyainak (1832), A magyar nyelv rendszer\'e9nek (1846) \'e9s a Magyar Nyelv\'f5r (1872) foly\'f3iratnak. \par }}