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\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \f1\fs24\lang1038\langfe1038\cgrid\langnp1038\langfenp1038 {\b\fs28 \par \par {\listtext\pard\plain\b\f1 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 1.\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx720\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin720\itap0 {\b Nyelveml\'e9kek}{: a nyelv r\'e9gebbi \'e1llapot\'e1t t\'fckr\'f6z\'f5 \'e9 s a k\'e9s\'f5bbi korokig fennmaradt \'edr\'e1sbeli megnyilatkoz\'e1sokat nevezz\'fck \'edgy. Ezek a t\'f6rt\'e9neti nyelv\'e9szet kutat\'e1s\'e1nak f\'f5 seg\'edt\'f5i. A magyar \'edr\'e1sbelis\'e9g az \'e1llamalap\'edt\'e1st\'f3l ill. a kereszt\'e9nys \'e9g felv\'e9tel\'e9t\'f5l sz\'e1m\'edthat\'f3. A X. sz\'e1zad el\'f5tti kor }{\i nyelveml\'e9ktelen}{. Az egyh\'e1z \'e9s a kr\'f3nik\'e1k a latin nyelvet ill. a latin bet\'fbs \'edr\'e1st haszn\'e1lt\'e1k, de sz\'fcks\'e9gszer\'fben \'ed rtak bele magyar szavakat is. \par }\pard \qj \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 { \par }\pard \qj \fi360\li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 {2.\tab }{\b Nyelveml\'e9kt\'edpusok}{: \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \qj \fi-360\li2143\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx2143\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls2\adjustright\rin0\lin2143\itap0 {\ul Sz\'f3rv\'e1nyeml\'e9kek}{: idegen nyelv\'fb sz\'f6vegbe \'e1 gyazott magyar nyelvi elemek, rendszerint tulajdonnevek. Ilyen Konsztantinosz Porphyrogenn\'e9tosznak: A birodalom korm\'e1nyz\'e1s\'e1r\'f3l c. m\'fbve is ill. az 1055-b\'f5l fennmaradt }{\i Tihanyi Alap\'edt\'f3lev\'e9l}{ egy magyar mondata: \'84 feheruuaru rea menek hodu utu rea\'94. (58 magyar sz\'f3t tal\'e1lunk benne.) Ez a legels\'f5 ismert magyarul le\'edrt mondat. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}{\ul K\'e9ziratos sz\'f6vegeml\'e9kek}{: a magyar nyelv\'fb k\'f3dexek megjelen\'e9se el\'f5tti id\'f5kb\'f5l sz\'e1rmaznak (\'f6t sz\'f6vegeml\'e9k latin k\'f3dexekben). Az els\'f5 \'f6sszef\'fc gg\'f5 magyar sz\'f6vegeml\'e9k\'fcnk a }{\i Halotti Besz\'e9d \'e9s K\'f6ny\'f6rg\'e9s}{. A Pray-k\'f3dexben tal\'e1lt\'e1k meg \'e9s az 1192-1195 k\'f6z\'f6tti id\'f5kb\'f5l maradt r\'e1nk. 32 soros, tartalma halotti b\'facs\'faztat\'f3. 1770-ben tal \'e1lt\'e1k meg. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}A m\'e1sodik legr\'e9gibb \'f6sszef\'fcgg\'f5 sz\'f6vegeml\'e9k, egy\'fattal az }{\ul els\'f5 magyar nyelv\'fb vers}{ az }{\i \'d3magyar M\'e1ria-siralom}{. 1300 k\'f6r\'fcl \'c9szak-It\'e1li\'e1 ban \'edrhatt\'e1k. A Sermones-k\'f3dexb\'f5l ker\'fclt el\'f5 1922-ben. Ez egy latin vers m\'fbv\'e9szi ford\'edt\'e1sa, a keresztre fesz\'edtett fi\'e1t emberi f\'e1jdalommal sirat\'f3 Sz\'fbz M\'e1ri\'e1r\'f3l sz\'f3l. R\'edmeket is tal\'e1lunk benne, \'fctemekre bonthat\'f3 \'e9s alliter\'e1ci\'f3kkal is tal\'e1lkozhatunk a versben. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}{\ul K\'f3dexek}{: a legr\'e9gibb magyar nyelv\'fb k\'f6nyv a }{\i J\'f3kai-k\'f3dex}{. 1372 \'e9s 1400 k\'f6z\'f6tt keletkezhetett, m\'e1solata pedig 1448-ban. A k\'f6nyv Assisi Szent Ferenc \'e9 let\'e9r\'f5l sz\'f3l. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}Az }{\ul els\'f5 magyar bibliaford\'edt\'e1s}{ a XV. sz\'e1zadban keletkezett. Ez a }{\i Huszita Biblia}{, mely a B\'e9csi-, a M\'fcncheni-, \'e9s az Apor-k\'f3dexb\'f5l \'e1ll. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}{\ul Sz\'f3-, \'e9s kifejez\'e9sk\'e9szletet r\'f6gz\'edt\'f5 eml\'e9kek}{: a glossz\'e1k latin sz\'f6vegbe a sorok k\'f6z\'e9 vagy a lap sz\'e9l\'e9re \'edrott magyar nyelv\'fb magyar\'e1 zatok. A legr\'e9gibb a }{\i K\'f6nigsbergi T\'f6red\'e9k}{. \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f2 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}{\ul Nyomtatott sz\'f6vegeml\'e9kek}{: 1471-ben Hess Andr\'e1s megalap\'edtotta az els\'f5 nyomd\'e1t Bud\'e1n. \par }}